The Dairy farm project report is one of the precious Part at the beginning of Dairy farming. it helps to understand the potential of the Dairy farming business.
This Project report of a dairy farm is important for the bank loan. This Dairy farm project report is described in the good research and it is easy to understand which helps directly to beginner’s dairy farmers or Entrepreneurs.
This is the Project report of 10 Buffaloes or it defines how much you can earn through the dairy farm.
This dairy farm project report is easily understandable of how much profit you can make in a year in Dairy farming with cutting all the expenses.
of Dairy Farm Business
First of all, this is a profitable business if doing it in the right way. It is profitable but Dairy farm required a lot of Passion, Hard work, good management of records and proper Knowledge.
Milk and milk products have huge demand all over the world specially the buffalo milk. Buffalo produces high-fat milk which is quite good in making any type of milk products. The marketing is not much required in the selling of milk
Buffalo Produce Manure which is equally important like milk, A good organic fertilizer make thorough it. If Manure is used to make Vermicompost fertilizer than it can give a good income to the Dairy farmer. Vermicompost fertilizer is known as Black Gold in India as well as in the whole world. It makes a value for dairy farmers.
The Best part of this business, which I liked the most is that Earning starts from day one By selling milk. So before starting keep in mind that start with the buffalo who given birth to a calf recently or purchased a cow with their calf. Or the buffalo which are good in milk production.
Why Dairy farm project report important
Generally,Project report is required for any business, the project report helps to understand the Business plan and easy for making own mind mapping. This project report will also help you in getting loan from any natinalize or any other co-opertative bank.
this is the practical guide of dairy farm how you can make money a real estimation guide.
Dairy Farm Project cost
The cost of animal is included with transportation. Select the animal that is better in milk production or disease-free. A good or healthy buffalo shines or the Eyes should be free from discharge.
Cost of High Breed Buffalo
Cost of Shed for 10 Buffalo.
(5×8=40sqft) per cows
(200rs per sq.ft)
Shed for 10 calves (10 sq.ft per
10×10 = 100
cost of equipments
lactation Period 280 days
Feed Kg/ Animal
Dry Period 80 Days
Total Feeding cost
production of 1 Buffalo
production of 10 Buffalo
Sale of Milk of 10 Buffalos, 40 rs Per liter
Sale of Manure(Vermicompost)
Vermicompost fertilizer has huge demand in India it has Higher NPK (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium) value. It can give good returns. It is the By-product of Dairy farming.
of Dairy farming Project report
Fixed or Non Recurring cost = 643000
cost = Feeding cost + other Expenses
= 390000 + 103000
Cost = 493000 Rs
profit in a Year = Total income – Total Recurring cost
Total profit in a year = 914000-493000
Total Profit in a year = 421000 Rs or 35083 in a month.
Bank Loan Subsidy By NABARD
Dairy farming is popular business in rural areas. The National Bank for Agriculture And Rural Development NABARD Provide a subsidy to start or set up Dairy Farming Business Which Helps directly to the Beginners Farmers. This Subsidy is different according to the caste categories.
The Loan subsidy is 33% for SC/ST or 25 % for the General or other Outlay Public.
The Farmers, Entrepreneurs, NGO’s or companies can thake the
benefits of this Subsidy.
Dairy farming with buffalo gives a good income. It’s Better to start with less or 10 buffaloes which is easy to handle. 4 lakh in a year is good amount.
Don’t overspend on the Dairy house or Shed in the beginning; some of the people spent a big amount on the shed which is not good for un-experienced Beginners.
Information of Dairy Farming for the Beginners
The Making of your own Hay or silage directly increases the Milk Production of Buffaloes. Cow or Buffalo require enough Dry Matter intake in their Diet For Better Performance.
At the Beginning of the Dairy Don’t Keep the Bull Buffalo for the mating of next calving Arrange Nearby or Go for Artificial insemination. Keeping of Bull can directly affect Your Profit.
Keep The House Clean, Dry or Hygiene for the Better
Performance of The Buffalos. This Keep the Animals Disease Free.
Spread Limestone Powder every week it keeps the farm disease-free or Stays away from flies and Ticks.
Before starting to do proper research about Dairy farming or visit Dairy farm near your region and gain some practical knowledge from an Experienced person.
Always stay in touch for the veterinary doctor or ask General
medicine of Pneumonia or fever of animals.
Follow the vaccination schedule for your animal properly because prior vaccination is better than cure, A low-cost vaccinations can save your expensive animals.
Project report for any types of business is important for beginners. In goat farming business project report will be the key factor of business.
This Goat farming project report shows, how you can earn profit from goat farming business. what you have to feed and what you have to sale. if you actually want profit from goat farming read this article step by step.
Goat farming in India is growing day by day, a lot of educated people entering in commercial goat farming, and goat farming Business plan is the first part of the business before starting it. All the equipment needed for commercial goat farm and profit guide is available here.
Please do keep the following points in mind while reading this Goat Farming project report :
This is expenses statement for 14 months or 1 year 2 months.
Before starting goat farming business it is very important that you should have good knowledge of the same.
Visit other goat farm and get training before starting yours to survey the housing, system, fodder management, handling goats, how to castrate bucks, etc.
Please survey the land location, road access, water facility, and other useful things.
Land cost is not included in this report.
Never use goat milk for personal use, as kids need this milk up to 3 months.
Goat gives kids twice in 14 months, the gestation period of 150 days.
Under stall fed condition the ratio of kids is 60% twins and 38 % single and 2% triplets.
Deworming the goats routinely.
Expenses of vaccination and medicines are 20 rs. Per goat.
Hint: goat farming should not be profitable if purchasing green fodder outside the farm.
Concentration fodder: a mixture of maize, groundnut, barley, wheat bran, mineral mixture, salt.
Green fodder: Moringa, berseem, sorghum, Hybrid Napier, subabul, lucern, dashrath, depends on the soil requirement of the area.
To make the additional income in commercial goat farm sale manure or make vermicompost fertilizer from the manure. Use manure to cultivate green fodder for the farm And sale remaining manure.
Why Project Report of goat farming Needed
The Project report is required to set up the goat farm or take the idea that how much I can earn through this business. You can follow this report and can earn the highest Profit through this profitable venture.
This is the Proven Project report from one of the oldest goat farm of India, they worked on Sirohi goat breed because they gain weight quickly on stall feeding and one of the profitable goat breed of india.
This Project report is quite helpful to take the Bank loan and get a subsidy. on the basis of this project report bank sanction loan easily. it is the whole goat farming business plan you can follow and earn maximum profit in this venture.
this goat farming business plan is designed to understand easily for any of the bank Employees and hundreds of farmers from Maharashtra state have taken the loan form this Project report.
At the end of this article you can free download this project report
Goat Farming Business Plan & Project report
1. Goat purchasing cost
We purchased 100 Female and 4 Male. Weight of Female goat is 30 kg and a weight of 1 male 35 kg. the rate we purchased the Sirohi goat is 210 Rs/kg.
Weight of goat
210 rs per kg
Cost of 1 Goat
weight of 1 does is 30 kg
weight of 1 buck is 35 kg
Goat purchasing cost
Note: in India, you can easily start with 210 re per kg live goat weight with Goat Breeds like Sirohi, Barbari, Black Bengal and indigenous breed of any region
2. Goat Production cycle (14 months)
The ratio of kids is 60% twins and 40% single. 90 goats out of 100 are getting pregnant. We are getting 2 crops in 14 months With 10% mortality rate.
60% of goats giving twins, 60% of 90 goats, is 54
10% mortality 11 kids dead 108-11 =97
40% of goats giving single kid, 40% of 90 goats is 36 kids
10% mortality 4 kids dead 36-4 =32
Total kids (in 7 months)
60% of goats giving twins, 60% of 90 goats is 54
54 x 2 =108
10 % mortality 11 kids dead 108-11 =97
40% of goats giving single kid, 40% of 90 goats is 36 kids
36 x 1 =36
10% mortality 4 kids is dead 36-4 =32
Total kids (in 7 months)
Total kids in 14 months
we get 129 kids in one batch (7 months). Or 258 kids in 14 Months.
We are Taking Area for (100+4) goats + 130 kids + 30 Bucks For Eid Purpose.
Goats x Area need per goat
Cost (200 rs per sqft)
100 Does (10sqft per does)
4 bucks (15sqft per buck)
60 x 200 =12000
130 kids (5sqft per kid)
30 bucks (15sqft per buck)
30 x 15
Total cost of shed
4. Required Equipments Used to Start a Goatry Farm
Feeders, 1000 rs per feeder
1000 x 5
water pots, 200 rs per pots
200 x 5
Total cost of equipments
5.Feeding cost of (100+4) Goats and kids
Cost of feed
104 Adult goat feed 10 Rs per day for 14 months or 425 days
129 kids goat feed 6 RS per day for 4 months or 120 days (2 months on milk feeding) After 6 months they are ready for sale
129x 6x 120
29 kids save for Eid & feed them for remaining 6 months 180 days with 10 Rs per day feed cost
Total cost of Feed
10 Rs per day per goat cost is the only cost of dry and concentrate fodder, green fodder should be cultivated in our form to maximize the profit. The cost of cultivation of green fodder is not included in this project report.
approximately 60% to 70% cost spent on the feed in commercial goat farming.
6. Monthly Expenses of a Goat farm
Vaccine & medical charges 20 Rs per goat. 104 goats with kids 104+258 =362
362 x 20
Labors wages 5000 Rs per month, 1 labor is enough for 100 goats.
5000 x 12
Water & Electricity
500 x 12
Monthly expenses Total cost
7. Sale of Animals
No. of kids for sale
Kids x goat weight x sale weight
100 kids of 6 months with an average weight of 20 kg is ready for sale in 210 rs per kg
29 bucks of 12 months with average weight of 50 kg is for sale on Eid, is for sale in 320 Rs per kg
100 kids of 6 months with average weight of 20 kg is ready for sale in 210 rs per kg
Manure of goats in 1 year
Total sale of Animal cost
Total Fixed investment = Goat purchasing cost + Cost of shed + Equipments
Total Fixed Investment= 649400 + 432000 + 26000
Total Fixed investment = 1107400 Rs
Fixed investment is the one-time investment cost that is not included in the profit in this project report because every business needs the beginning investment.
Total profit = Total sale of Animal cost – (total cost of feed + total monthly expenses )
Total Profit = 1312000 – ( 587080 + 76240 )
Total Profit = 1312000 – 663320
Total Profit = 648680 Rs
you can simply earn 648680 rupees in 14 months by following this project report. The profit can fluctuate according to the market rate of goat feed.
This project report is completely Practical from one of the best goat farm in India. this goat farm works on Sirohi goat breed from the last 5 years. while making this project report the Indus goat farm Maintain all the cost on Excel sheet noted each and everything.
2. What is the Profit margin in goat farming?
it depends on your management and feed. Normally, the profit margin is 60% but if you grow your own concentrate feed then Profit can be 80%
Generally, They grow their own Green, Dry and concentrate Feed and fed to goats and sale them on Eid at the rate of 20,000 to 25,000 Rs per goat and make money. The Beautiful goats give more than this Price.
Important tips for the beginner’s goat farmers and Entrepreneurs
Do proper care and management during the transportation of goats in the beginning.
Select the breed according to your region.
don’t do over expenses on goat shed at the beginning of the farm.
get the proper Training before starting a goat farm.;
follow the proper vaccination and deworming schedule to get the maximum profit.
your feeding cost should not be more than 10 rs per day per goat.
I have put so much effort to make this project report on goat farming through my own Experience to provide value for the upcoming Goat farmers or Goat farming Community. i have my own goat farm and this project report is completely practical. It will be very helpful for me if you share this post on social media, WhatsApp Groups, and for those who need it. SHARING IS LOVE
There are many factors that contribute to mortality in neonatal kids. Diarrhea in goat kid is the single major cause of death in neonatal kids. Diarrhea in animal caused by Bacteria (Escherichia coli, salmonella, clostridium perfringens, Yersinia), Virus ( Rotavirus, Coronavirus, adenovirus, Herpes virus, Morbillivirus) and Parasites ( Cryptosporidium, Eimeria, Entamoeba, Giardia, Strongyloides, Trichostronylus, Amphistomes)
The four major causes of Diarrhea in the kids during the first month of life are Colibacillosis, rotavirus infection, salmonellosis, and cryptosporidiosis. Out of them, colibacillosis (E Coli scours) is the most common bacterial diarrhea while in the viral agent’s Rotavirus is the most common.
Cryptosporidium is the main culprit in the parasitic agent associated with diarrhea in neonatal kids.
Despite improvements in management practices and prevention treatment strategies, diarrhea is still the most common and the most costly disease in goats, affecting neonatal small ruminants.
Indiscriminate use of antibiotics is making bacterial agents resistant to common antibiotics. Apart from antibiotic resistance, there is little or no time to figure out acute forms of colibacillosis as well as rotavirus infection and to take steps to save the kids.
Non-infectious cause: Low Birth weight, premature birth, Hypothermia, and hypoglycemia syndrome, trace element deficiencies (Cu, Iodine, Se)
#2 Mother factor
Low milk production syndrome associated with metabolic disease (Hypocalcaemia, pregnancy toxaemia), Mastitis etc.
#3 Management Factor
Low colostrum or milk feeding, sanitation and hygiene, rearing practices, shelter management, Judicious and timely prophylactic measures, breeding management, Nutrition and feeding practices, etc.
Neonatal mortality is vital to the economic goat husbandry and is critical for the fast growth of small ruminants in the world. Several studies have shown that on an average 20% of the kids are lost every year. Based on this mortality rate, the estimated total deaths would be around 10-12 million of kids each year.
Diarrhea in goat kid by Colibacillosis
Diarrhea particularly during the first few weeks after birth is an important ailment that is responsible for high mortality in neonates of most animal species.
Diarrhea is documented as a very frequent cause of kid mortality throughout the world. Colibacillosis is a disease of very young animals usually 2-10 days old. The bacterium Escherichia coli (E.coli) is an important causative agent.
This is common inhabitants of the gastrointestinal tract in both non-pathogenic and pathogenic forms. Pathogenic serotype, however, some of these are capable of gaining entrance to the body (septicemic from) through the intestinal wall, others remain in the intestinal tract and liberate a toxin which is absorbed by the body and cause generalized disease and diarrhea entheogenic form.
The common signs are anorexia, loss or decreased appetite, off feed, bloody stools, feces, hematochezia, ataxia, incoordination, staggering, falling, dehydration, fever, etc.
There are a number of Escherichia coli strains that have been identified and characterized in animals.
Colibacillosis is managed by administration of antibiotics preferably both oral and systemic, rehydration therapy, prebiotic and probiotic therapy, hygienic drinking water supply, environmental sanitation, etc.
Diarrhea in goat kid by Salmonellosis
Most species of the genus salmonella are capable of producing diarrhea in goat kid but salmonella typhimurium is the most common serovar of the genus. In salmonellosis, the kids less than 1 week of age are more likely to die without clinical signs, whereas animals older than one week of age are more likely to have diarrhea. This can be damaged by antibiotics. The bacteria salmonella have thousands of serotypes and all can potentially cause diarrhea in animals. Vaccination has not been thoroughly evaluated in sheep and goats.
Diarrhea in goat Kid by Cryptosporidiosis
cryptosporidiosis, caused by cryptosporidium parvum is primarily a disease of lambs and kids less than 30 days of age and is usually a milder disease than coccidiosis. Infective oocysts are passed in feces and are transmitted by oral ingestion. Duration of diarrhea in goats tends to be a few days longer than is seen in diarrhea caused by rotavirus, coronavirus, or enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli.
Feces are yellow or pale, watery, and contain mucus. In most cases, diarrhea is self-limiting after several days.
Paromycin sulfate 100 mg/kg for 11 days from the second day of age proves successful in preventing natural disease in a controlled clinical field trial in goat kids.
Diarrhea in Goat kid by Rotavirus and coronavirus gastroenteritis
Lambs and kids are infected with a group of B rotavirus, whereas most other animals and humans have infected with group A rotavirus. This virus generally causes diarrhea in goat kids 2 to 14 days of age.
Young animals become very depressed and dehydrated. Treatment with supportive care. Vaccinating ewes and does with bovine rotavirus and coronavirus vaccine before they give birth will increase passive immunity. Generally, viruses tend to less a cause of diarrhea in lambs and kids than calves.
Diarrhea in Goat kid by clostridium perfringens
Enterotoxaemia can kill goats and sheep of all ages but usually kills only those that consume high levels of carbohydrates. Clostridium perfringens type D. one type of bacteria that causes enterotoxemia, is most prevalent associated with sudden death, occasional pushing and staggering, apparent blindness in growing kids.
Clostridium perfringens type C causes a type of enterotoxemia that usually is accompanied by bloody scours.Mortality may be high. It usually occurs among fast gaining kids during the first three weeks. Pregnant goats vaccinated three four weeks before kidding provide antibody protection in their milk.
Soda bicarbonate french is effective. For an outbreak, vaccinate with type D toxoid on day 1 and gain 12 -14 days later, de-worm and reduce grain until the vaccine takes effect.
Prior vaccination and treatment is better than cure in case of diarrhea in goats kids. The colostrum feeding on time provides immunity and generates antibodies in kids. Sanitation around new born kids also plays a major role in neonatal diarrhea in kids, do all this thing we discussed above helps you manage the health and survival of goat kids.
Goats play an important role in agriculture all over the world especially in subsistent agriculture of developing countries where over 90% of the world goat population is raised. Recently a quick growth has seen in the commercial goat farming sector, This sector has a great opportunity for youth entrepreneurs and farmers.
The Poor man’s cow goat has tremendous potential to be projected as Future animal of
The initial investment to start commercial goat farming is low as compared to other livestock farming.
Goats are more economical than sheep on free-range grazing under semi-arid conditions.
Goat creates employment for the poor besides effectively utilizing unpaid family labor.
There is ample scope for establishing goat milk and meat products.
Goats are valuable assets for families and communities around the world.
Goats are friendly animals and enjoy being with the people.
In drought-prone areas risk of commercial goat farming is very much less as compared to other livestock.
Unlike large animals, in commercial farm conditions, both male and female goats have equal value.
Due to small size and docile nature, housing requirements and manage mental problems with goats are less.
Goat is prolific breeders and achieves sexual maturity at the age of 10-12 months, the gestation period is short and at the age of 16 months, it starts giving milk. Twinning is very common and triplets and quadruplets are low.
Goats often have 2 crops in 14 months
The goat meat is leaner (low cholesterol) and relatively good for people who prefer a low energy diet, especially in summer.
Slaughter and dressing operation and meat disposal can be carried without many environmental problems.
No religious taboo against goat slaughter and meat consumption prevalent in the country.
Goat milk is easy to digest than cow milk because of small fat globules and is naturally homogenized.
Goat milk is said to play a role in improving appetite and digestive efficiency.
Goat milk is non-allergic as compared to cow milk and it has antifungal and antibacterial properties and can be used for treating a urogenital disease of fungal origin.
Goats are termed as a moving refrigerator for the storage of milk and can be milked number of times in a day.
Goats can supply a family with plenty of milk each day important nutrition for undernourished children.
Extra milk can be made into paneer.
More manure is a good fertilizer for agricultural land.
With their earning from goat keeping, families can afford food, education and health care. In recent years, due to ongoing problems with avian flu, poultry production has become increasingly difficult for the farmers and more attention has therefore been paid to commercial goat farming.
Goat farming Shed Design important Points for Commercial Goat farming
It is generally believed that goats do not require housing. In fact like other domestic animals, the goat also needs shelter for protection from inclement weather such as rains, peak cold days during winter, and excessive heat load during summer.
Separate Housing arrangements for different categories of animals like growers, pregnant females, lactating females, breeding males, etc are to be ensured for feeding them as per requirement.
Goats can tolerate a wide range of temperatures but should be protected from wind and rain. However, a long period of high ambient temperatures inhibits reproduction.
A sheltered area and a big open yard available at low cost are most common.
Typically goat houses in the humid tropics are characterised by slatted floors raised above the ground and space boarding on the sidewalls to promote good ventilation, easiness of cleaning and better parasitic control.
In winter the warmest part of the house should be should be reserved for young animals.
Avoidance of overcrowding and well drained and clean floors and yard may be very important.
Housing requirement for commercial goat farming
The commercial goat farmers are generally advised to follow this minimum requirement for constructing the type of shelters needed for goats under their location and socio-economic conditions rather than investing more than 70% of the available funds in constructing permanent shelters and thereafter facing financial crisis in running the farm.
After gaining practical experience of 2-3 years in rearing goats on a smaller scale, Goat farmers are suggested to expand their flock size for sustaining the existence of goat farms on the long run.
Important Facts in Housing requirement
Orientation of shed: sheds with the long axis running East-west direction with generous provision for ventilation/air movement to help dry up threshed will be most suitable.
Length: No restriction on length. You can expand according to your need or number of animals you are planning for.
Breadth: Normally between 20 to 25 ft is considered best.
Wall: 3 to 3.5 ft above ground on long side and upto roof on width side of shed.
Wall and roof height: 10 ft at eaves and 12 ft at centre.
Overhang of roof: 3 ft
Roof Type: thatch roof, corrugated asbestos, cement sheet or galvanized iron sheets, and any other alternative roofing material, usage depends on fund available and weather conditions.
Shelter surrounding: maintain the green vegetation and greenery all around the shed adjacent to the goat shelters. Hedges and shrubs planted at a distance of 2 m from the building and their height should be below the height of the opening for ventilation but toward the west side height. Creepers over the roof shall be tried.
Floor type: clay or soil floor in regions with predominant hot dry climate and slatted floors for hot humid predominant weather conditions.
Open paddocs(open area): on one side of shed, if space constraints exit or on both side.
Bedding: locally available 2 to 4 inches soft dry grasses unsuitable for feeding shall be used especially for 0 to 3 months old kids and milking does.
In Hot dry season: 70% of floor area should be open
Hot Humid : loger side should be kept totally open
Cool: 2-10% of floor area or provide flexible ventilation that is Maximum between 10 am to 4 pm and closing the ventilation space between 4 pm to 10 am.
Feeding of goats in commercial goat farming
Apart from providing supplementary income to marginal farmers, in recent years commercial goat farming has emerged as a tool to provide substantial income to progressive farmers in the peri-urban region of the country.
Goats should be fed according to their psychological status of production. The nutrient requirement is different for different categories of animals and some extra nutrients required depending upon the production requirement.
Feeding to kids
Feeding kids is of prime importance to fetch the profit from commercial goat farming. Proper feeding will reduce the kid mortality as well as animals will attain proper slaughter weight.
Kid feeding is different from the adult goats the rumen: a site of microbial fiber digestion in ruminants is not well developed in kids. Their feeding is similar to the simple stomach animals but feeding is designed to help in the development of the rumen microbial system along with the proper growth of the kids.
Colostrum is the first milk produced after parturition. Colostrum is also high in nutrient value, especially vitamin A, B Vitamins, Proteins(immunoglobulins), and minerals. The protein content of colostrum is about 20% as compared to 3.5% for normal milk. Antibodies (immunoglobulins) are proteins that help the goat kid fight disease.
Colostrum should be ingested or bottle-fed in case of weak kids as soon as kids have a suckling reflex. In the case of extremely weak kids, they should be tube fed.
All newborn kids get colostrum soon after birth within the first hour after birth. Because the percentage of antibodies found in colostrum decreases rapidly after parturition.
Newborn kids should ingest 10% of their body weight in colostrum during the first 24 hours of life for optimum immunity.
Feeding schedule for kid from birth to weaning
Age in Days
Concentrated Feed in Gm
350 ml (3 feedings)
350 ml (3 feedings)
400 ml (2 feeding)
200 ml (2 feedings)
Feeding schedule for kid
Feeding of Growing Goats (3-12 Months)
After weaning of kids, male and female animals are reared separately. Depending upon the land and pasture available they can be reared on grazing with supplementation or stall-fed system.
This will reduce the cost of production and farmers can get more benefits from goat production. For totally commercial Goat farming, concentrate feed along with leguminous straw and green fodder is a good option to rear growing goats for more economic returns,
The concentrated mixture feed can be formulated by mixing maize 57% ground nut cake 20% wheat bran 20% mineral mixture 2% and salt 1%.
Normally growing goats of 4-12 months of age consume dry matter equal to 4% of their body weight. The ration of goat should provide 12-14% of crude protein and 60-65% total digestible nutrients.
Feeding of kid in this way will reduce the kid’s mortality and the animal can attain their proper growth.
Feeding of Goat for milk production
Goat milk is praised for its high nutritive value with medicinal properties. A well-managed goat may produce as much milk at less cost than the ordinary cow.
The average milk yield of non-descript goats is 60 liters per lactation of 120 days. The Goat breeds like Jamunapari, Beetal, and Jakhrana can produce 200 – 250 liters of milk in the lactation period of 120 days.
To exploit the full genetic potential of any goat proper and well-balanced nutrition is required. Dairy goats are good eaters and can consume from 4 to 6% per 100 kg of body weight.
Feed young animal Enough energy for growth, and feed a mature animal enough to maintain fairly constant body weight.
Provide enough protein, minerals, and vitamins in a balanced feeding program to maintain a healthy animal.
Offer does enough extra food during gestation and lactation for fetus development and milk production.
Feeding of Bucks
Mature bucks can obtain most of their nutrients from good pasture. However, growing bucks have greater nutrients since they are still growing. Bucks need to be in good body condition,.
Whenever bucks cannot meet nutrition from pasture supplemental nutrition needed for the buck to achieve the desired body condition. Supplementation with the concentrated mixture at the rate of 0.5 to 1.0 percent of body weight will be adequate.
The mineral mixture should always be given to the Breeding buck. This will improve the semen quality of the bucks and also maintain their reproductive efficiency.
Goat Disease and Treatmentshould follow in commercial Goat Farming
A number of viral, bacterial fungal and parasitic diseases cause heavy morbidity and mortality amongst goats resulting in huge economic losses to the goat farming community. These diseases are collectively known as infectious diseases.
We will describe various aspects of the important viral and bacterial goat disease.
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR)
It is also known as goat plague. PPR is an acute and fatal disease of Goats caused by the morbillivirus of the family Praramyxoviridae.
It is clinically similar to rinderpest in cattle but respiratory signs and pneumonia are prominent features in goats. Fever, Nasal and lacrimal discharge, depression, thirst, anorexia and rough hair coat and dry muzzle are common symptoms of this disease.
An erosive lesion may be found inside the mouth on the cheeks, lips, gums, and tongue. Coughing and sneezing are prominent signs at this time. There is no specific treatment against PPR.
To prevent the occurrence of the disease, vaccination of kids at the age of 3 months with a PPR vaccine is required. The vaccine provides immunity for 3 years. In established commercial goat farms the introduction of new goats must be done only after PPR vaccination.
goat Pox is a highly contagious viral disease of goats characterized by fever, generalized papules or nodules, internal lesion. It is caused by Capripox virus of the family poxviridae.
In India, goat pox is frequently observed in West Bengal, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, and the adjoining areas of these states.
Inhalation of aerosols, from acutely affected animal and direct contact through skin abrasion, is the natural means of transmission.
There is no specific treatment for the disease. Supportive therapy such as the administration of anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics could be useful. Quarantine and slaughter of diseased and contact animals must be recommended.
Vaccinate the kid with goat pox vaccine at 3 months of age, thereafter Booster dose one-month post-vaccination is recommended for prevention against the disease.
Foot and Mouth disease (FMD)
Foot and mouth disease is a highly contagious viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals including goats. FMD usually causes low mortality and high morbidity which leads to the extreme economic loss to the commercial goat farmers in India as well as in the world.
Lameness is the most important sign of goat FMD. other clinical sign includes oral lesions, dullness, inappetence, restlessness, increased heart and respiratory rates, shivering fiver, etc. pregnant goats may abort.
The administration of anti-inflammatory and antibiotics could be useful. Vaccination of kids with FMD vaccine at age of 3 months, thereafter Booster dose at 3-4 weeks post-vaccination and revaccination half-yearly intervals is the only way to prevent the incidence of this disease.
This Disease is also called Pulpy kidney or overeating disease and caused by gram-negative anaerobic bacterium clostridium Perfringes Type D that is normally present in the ruminant digestive tract, generally in low numbers.
Overeating on concentrates or lush pasture and sudden change in the feed from poor to carbohydrates rich diet or lush pasture are the predisposing factors for the occurrence of the disease.
The clinical sign includes a sudden loss in appetite, profound depression, marked abdominal discomfort manifested by arching of the back and kicking at the belly, continuous changing of sitting posture, loud and painful screaming, chamind of jaws, fever watery diarrhea are common symptoms of ET disease.
Immunization of susceptible goats with the killed ET vaccine is done in 3-month-old kids given at the rate of 2ml subcutaneously and repeated after 3 weeks initially. Thereafter semi-annually. Strict and proper sanitation of the shed, timely enterotoxaemia, and no sudden change in the feed are important preventive strategies of this disease.
Haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS)
It is also known as bacterial Pneumonia and it is caused by Pasteurella multocida. Previous viral infection, environmental stresses, weaning stress, transport stress, poor ventilation, overcrowding, parasitism, and malnutrition are common factors for the occurrence of the disease. Fever, nasal discharge, ocular discharge, anorexia, dyspnea, cough are the signs observed in the disease. HS vaccine is done in 3-month-old kids given at the rate of 2ml subcutaneously.
GoatVaccination schedule Guide for Commercial Goat Farming
Goats are susceptible to a number of infectious diseases which cause huge economic loss to the goat farming community. The first and foremost measure to control and contain infectious diseases amongst goats is vaccination.
Timely vaccination reduces mortality and morbidity in goats leading to the increased production and reproduction performance of goats.
Vaccination has an important role to play in the responsible use of antibiotics in animal farms. Thus vaccination reduces various Expenditure of the goatery leading to increased profitability to the goat farmers. Following precautions should be noted prior to vaccination:
Weak debilitated immunocompromised and infested goats should not be vaccinated.
Goats in the advanced stage of pregnancy and kids below three months of age must not be vaccinated.
Animals should be dewormed prior to vaccination.
In the case of live vaccines, vaccination must not be done in the areas of particular disease outbreak and pregnant goats.
Vaccines especially live ones should be checked for cold chains because these vaccines are very heat sensitive in nature.
Vaccination should be taken only under the supervision of a registered veterinary practitioner.
Fresh sterilized disposable syringes and needles should be used for every animal to avoid cross-contamination.
The interval between two different vaccines should be kept at least 21 days.
Parasites, mainly internal parasites are one of the biggest problems of organized commercial goat farming, in addition to significant morbidity and mortality, the parasites contribute to the poor growth and unthriftiness in the goats.
Hence, deworming is necessary for goats to prevent the infection caused by endoparasites. General preventive measures for internal parasites in goats include proper management of waste disposal, ration, and pastures. Dry and well-ventilated shelter, grazing above 3’’ from the ground, removal of the soil of the sheds at the intervals of 3-6 months.
There are certain precautions which are to be followed in case of deworming in goats:
The dose of the drug should be accurate (fenbendazole is generally given @ 10 mg/kg to goats)
The effectiveness of a dewormer should always be tested
Deworming should be done alternately with drugs of different classes to prevent the emergence of resistant parasites.
In the case of organized goat farm deworming should be done twice a year, pre rainy season, or post rainy season. It can be done at the age of 3 months. Join the goat farming community
Dipping of Goats
It is done to prevent infestation caused by ectoparasites, and is applied before and after winter season. Following precaution are to be followed prior to dipping.
The day of dipping must be sunny
The animal must not be thirsty
A weak and diseased animal should not be dipped.
Best time for dipping is from 9 am to 11 am
The animal above one month of age can be dipped
Rotation of drugs should be done to prevent the emergence of drug resistance.
Economics of Goat Farming in India
Goat farming in India or Goat sector Contributes Rs. 38,590 crore (8.41%) to value of output from the livestock sector (Rs. 459051 crores).
Increase in annual rural employment from 3.2% to 4.2% over the years
Goat population rise from 95 million in 1982 to 140 million in 2007 and slightly gone down to 135 million in 2012.
Production of Chevon increased from 0.324 MMT in 1982 to 0.941 MMT in 2012-13. (Estimated annual value Rs 22,625 crore at current price)
Production of goat milk increased from 1.07 million MT in 1982 to 4.95 million MT in 2012-13 (Estimated market value Rs 9564 crore)
Skin production increased from 0.086 MMT in 1966 to 0.17 MMT in 2012-13 ( Rs.1491 crore)
Goat Farming Project cost
Cost of animals
50 & 2
Depreciation @10% of fixed cost
Interest on fixed capital @12%
Total Fixed Cost
Shed – Made-up of local material. space required Does=12sq.ft Buck 20sq.ft and Kid 4sq.ft / animals
Feed & Fodder Cost (@250 gram concentrate for 200 days for kids and adults)
The government spent 200 crores rupees every year in their financial budget for the development of the rural area and enhanced the farmer income. This 200 crores rupees provide through subsidy to farmers and entrepreneurs.
Anyone can take this subsidy. Goat farming loan is for everyone, to get the subsidy you have to take a loan from any of the banks all are equal. Bank sanctioned the loan under Integrated Development of Small Ruminants & rabbits (IDSRR).
Subsidy of goat farming loan is provided by NABARD (National agriculture Bank and Rural Development). This subsidy Provided on the basis of the caste system of India. THE General/OBC will get a 25 % subsidy and SC/ST/BPL card Holder get a 33% subsidy on bank Loan.
Aadhar card, Domicile certificate, caste certificate, Driving license if any, training certificate if any Goat farming project report is the required document to get a bank loan.
Goat Farming Training
If you know nothing about goat and goat farming then training is much needed for you. Goat farming training plays an important role in the success of your goat farming career. The Best goat farming training is Provided by Indus goat farming and training center which is located in Ujjain Madhya Pradesh. They teach all about goat farming from basic to how to treat a goat when your goat is sick.
They are very experienced and cover all about goat farming in their training. They also provide a training certificate that makes value and helps you to get a loan.
Why is Training Required ?
Generally, animals don’t speak, they show symptoms when they are sick. If you start without any knowledge then you can be at a loss to avoid this loss, Better take the goat farming training from experienced one to get all the knowledge.
In the worst-case scenario, a single goat cost 5000 to 60,000 (approx) and the training cost you 5000 rs. If you start the goat from 50 good quality goats, that cost you around 5 lakh rupees. If you take training and get knowledge or save a single goat than your training cost will be fulfilled.
Better to take training first and start a goat farm next.
Goat farming Profit
Profit depends on many factors like your management, Goat breed, Goat feed you purchasing from outside or growing your own, how many goats are you raising in your farm, how much labor available on your farm.
But simply I will share the most common example of goat farming profit with you, which will clear all your doubts and internally force you to start this business.
Example: suppose you invested in a single goat with two kids or pregnant goat. Probably a goat gives 2 kids in a single gestation (five months). We raised the goat for 14 months and get the 4 kids in two gestation period. Goat farming profit depends on the management of your feed.
We raised the first two kids for Eid purpose and another 2 kids sold to a butcher in six months of age, a per-day cost spent on a goat feed is approximately 12 rs per day.
Feed cost spent on Mother goat for (14 months = 420 days) & (12 rs feed cost)
420 x 12 = 5040 Rs
Feed cost spent on two goat kids for (12 months = 365 days) & (12rs feed cost) (2 kids)
365 x 12 x 2 = 8760 Rs
Feed cost spent on two goat kids for (5 months = 150 days) & (12 rs feed cost) (2 kids)
150 x 12 x 2 = 3400 Rs
Total cost spent on feed is = 17200 Rs
Now I have to sale all my goat’s kid then what money I will get
2 kids, I sold in 6 months in 5000 rs = 10000
2 goat I sold in Eid festival in 15000 rs = 30000
the money I got in my hand is 40000
What I spent on feed is 17200
therefore 40000-17200 = 22800 rs
Goat farming profit from one goat = 22800 Rs
If i raised 50 goats for 14 months. Then
then , 50 x 22800 = 1140000 (11 lakh 40 thousand).
Note: in this profit labour cost, medicine cost and mortality is not included. Your profit can be slightly up or down or depend upon male and female kids. We are getting a major revenue from Eid festival or on Eid only male goats are sold. So it may go slightly up or down but you will definitely make a good money for sure if you follow this secret. Some quality Eid goat can make you more than 15000 for you.
The Gir cow milk benefits are considered Better compared to regular milk. first of all, the Gir cow milk is best for Children Brain Growth. This milk helps in the skill development of children. People who consume Gir cow milk they will stay away from the Disease like Type one Diabetes, coronary Heart Disease, indigestion, Autism in children, schizophrenia and other neurological disorders.
The cow is considered as ”Go Mata” and its milk is considered as ”Amrit” in Hindu Shastra. Our Desi cow or Gir cow is Best and consumption of their milk has more beneficial compared to Other Hybrid Exotic breeds.
The Person after having the Gir cow milk will feel free, calm in behavior or the ability to think will be better.
The Gir cow is the popular indigenous cow breed of India. That is mainly found in the Gir forest of Gujarat. The Gir cow produces Pure A2 Milk and the other Highly Productive Breeds like Mix Breeds & Holstein Friesian Produce A1 milk.
The Gir cow milk Is beneficial for Those who are lactose intolerant. It is easily digestible and it is packed with all the required nutrition for the Human body. The available Fat percentage in the milk is 4 % which are assumed good fat quantity for the humans.
Other Benefits of Gir
Autism in children is the disease which has symptoms like Trouble communicating, delay in development, Weak in learning, not interacting with other, malnutrition, etc. The Gir cow milk benefits Help in the improvement of the children’s against Autism.
The Gir cow milk Protect or improve
from such disorders. you can think what will be the improvement and growth of
the Normal children’s after having this milk.
Benefits of Gir cow Ghee
Gir cow Ghee provides good fat that required for the Body. It also Provides, Energy, Growth, Power, Makes the voice melodious, Protects skin, slows down aging, etc. Ghee is considered an important part of the Indian diet and it is used in all the Indian recipes. It should be pure and Healthy. Gir cow Ghee is costly but it is a healthier choice than others.
Gir cow Ghee is Good against asthma. The Gir Cow Ghee Provide Energy to the Lungs and restrict Narrowing and helps in better Breathing
Best Gir Cow cultured ghee Which is very fine in test
Buy On Amazon – 1750 rs for 500 ml
How Gir cow milk different from others.
The Gir cows Are the earlier breed Which Produces A2 Milk Protein in their milk Along with amino acid called Proline. While in the Other mix Hybrid Breeds This Proline Got converts into Histidine amino acid at the same position.
Beta casomorphin or BCM7 is the opioid Peptide, it is bad for Human Health and it is one of the cause of Indigestion or Type One diabetes, respiratory depression or other Disorder.
Proline prevents the release of BCM7 in the body because it is strongly bond with BCM7. while Histidine is a weak bond with BCM7. So it is easily released in the body on the consumption of A1 cow milk.
90% of Indians consuming A1 milk. This may be the one cause of the disease. So take the Gir Cow Milk benefits it Would be a better choice for those who are health conscious.
Nutrition in the Gir
Gir cow milk is a Healthier choice than regular milk. It is pack with all the required nutrition in the required amount for the Body. It is the Good source of calcium and protein which are good for Bone growth or Strong teeth.
A Glass of Gir cow milk is pack with Nutrition. It has all the Proteins, Vitamins and Mineral those which are essential for Healthy life And Proper Body functioning.
Composition of 100 gm Gir cow milk
Fat – 4 %
Protein – 3.2%
Energy (Kcal/100 ml) – 69
Calcium (mg/100 gm)-122
Phosphorus (mg/100 gm)-119
Vitamin A (IU)- 126
Vitamin D (IU)- 2.0
Magnesium (mg/100gm) -12
Potassium (mg/100gm)- 160
Zinc (mg/100gm)- 0.5
Important information about Gir Cow Milk Benefits and Gir cow
Gir Cow milk is a bit costlier than regular milk. The demand of this milk is increasing day by day in metros, two-tier or three Tier cities of India. The people are becoming aware of Gir cow milk benefits day by day.
The hump of Gir cow makes them different from others. Normally The jersey Holestian Friesian and other Exotic cow Breeds are flat they don’t have Hump. People accepted Gir Holy Cow of India.
In the 1900’s India didn’t focus on Gir Cow Breed while the Semen of Gir cow is imported by Brazil and now they have more Gir cows than India. In South American countries the Gir cow Known As Bos indicus Breed. they Know the Gir cow Milk Benefits and used Gir cow To improve their Local Breed.
How to Take Gir cow
The Right way to drink milk, that
it should be warm and don’t take Salt or Sour fruit with it. this may Be Bad
for the Health.
After the sports activity body requires protein and mineral for recovery so have A glass of Gir cow milk will be more beneficial.
the Gir cow breed is one the old cow breed of India and Having Gir cow milk is a good choice it provides immunity and increases your strength. it has a lot of other medicinal use, of course, it is costlier than regular milk but Nowadays you have to pay extra money for quality products.
The Gir cow milk per day is at peak level after giving birth to the calve after that it slightly drop every week. The average milk of Gir cow is 10 liters per day after giving birth. In this article, we will give the description of Gir cow milk production and we will also cover how to increase milk production.
The Gir cow milk has huge demand in all over India. it is one of the best cows of India in milk production. Which has considered the Holy cow and its milk is accepted as Amrit. The Gir cow milk is used to Stay Healthy and Treat Lot of Disease. This milk best for the children’s Brain Growth.
This cow is Best Cow for Commercial Dairy farming. This cow can Give Good Profit to the Dairy farmer which other cow or buffalo can not Give. The Price of Gir cow milk is more than any other Popular Brand of Milk.
The Gir cow milk Per day basis also depends on the How much dry matter present in feed of Gir cows. The Dry matter in enough quantity according to the weight of cow will increase the milk Production of Gir cows.
Gir cow milk Production Per day
The Gir Cow Milk production per day after giving birth to the calve maybe around 10 to 15 liter, on feeding good feed at the time pregnancy. The Gir cow milk production per day may also be more dependent on their Parenting.
In the first 70 days after giving birth, the milk production is at peak level after that it Little little drops every week. The milk lactation cycle of gir cow is 300 days. Or in other words, It Produces milk up to 300 days. And Dry period of Gir cow is of 2 months. This Yearly cycle continues Up to 9 to 10 times in their life.
The Gir cow milk starts giving milk after giving birth to first calving. The age of first calving is 3 years means that one cow is ready to produce milk in the age of 3 years.
How to increase Gir Cow Milk Production
For increasing the milk production of Gir cow, Provide them Good quality concentrate feed or Dry forage at the time of Pregnancy or Lactation. If the Dry matter intake in the diet will low than milk production will always low.
Most of the people Provide Less concentrate or Dry forage and accept High Production of Milk. The cows Require energy to Produce Milk and this energy they get from the Feed. If you do not Provide the Enough Dry Matter in Feed where they can get energy to Produce milk.
Generally, the cow required to Green and Dry Forage or concentrate feed in their whole day diet.
The Price of A2 milk of gir cow
is 70 to 80 Rs per liter in 3 tier or 2 tier cities of india. in metros city
the price of Gir Cow milk is 100 to 120 Rs per liter and the demand of Gir cow
milk per day is more than supply.
A lot of entrepreneurs entering this Gir cow milk Business and generating good revenue. This Type of Milk reaches the Dairy farming business to the next level.
The Normal Branded milk are
selling in 55 Rs per liter while the Gir cow milk is selling in more than 70 Rs
per liter on the same place. This shows the power of Gir cow milk.
Why Gir cow Milk is used for
Gir cow milk has a lot of Health Benefits. Gir cow milk is the pure A2 milk and it is used to treat various diseases like type One Diabetes, coronary heart disease, Schizophrenia, Autism in children’s or various other diseases. The thinking ability increase after having this milk, this milk easily digestible preferable for those who are lactose intolerant.
here we discussed the milk production, generally, Gir milk per day production also depends upon which type feed are you providing to the cow. Better the feed you give more the milk Production will be.
The North region (Punjab) is the agriculture-based region of the country. The Goat Farming in Punjab can make Good money With Beetal & Barbari Goat Breed. Small ruminants play an important role in Punjab. The climate of Punjab is suitable for goat farming.
A good revenue can generate through goat farming in this area. Goat production from centuries has been an integral component of the system and a primary source of livelihood for Rural Areas in Punjab.
Goat is a good source of skin, meat, and milk. Commercial goat farming in Punjab came forward and growing day by day. The indigenous breed Beetal is suitable for both stall feeding and semi-intensive farming system. It can be rear for meat, milk, and skin.
A lot of arid and semi-arid region present in the Punjab and it is one of the beneficial things and plays a major role in the goat farming business
Goat meat often is considered to be healthier than others because goat meat is lower in fat and cholesterol, being more comparable to lean meat from chickens. The people of Punjab love to eat goat meat and goat meat products. It provides nutrition, and people feel energetic after having goat meat.
The meat of Beetal Goat is known for one of the tastiest meat in comparison to other goat meat, and skin is also known for the best in comparison to other breeds. A lot of costly products are made by the skin of this goat. It has a huge demand for leather products in European countries.
Suitable goat breeds for goat farming In Punjab
Beetal is the indigenous Goat Breed of Punjab. This Goat Breed is one of the tallest goat breed in the world. It is one of the most expensive goats in India. Beetal is the Dual Purpose Goat Breed and it is raised for Both milk and Meat Purpose.
The Capacity to generate Milk and meat is the main characteristic of Beetal Goat. Beetal Goats are capable of giving 3 to 4 liters of milk in a day and it can easily achieve 70 to 90 kg in a year because of its height. No other Breeds of India have the Capability to achieve this weight in a short period of time.
Beetal goat plays a major role in the livestock economy of Goat farming in Punjab. This goat has long pendulous ears, white eyes and horns tilted to the back. The height of the one-year-old goat is 40 inches normally. The main coat color of this goat is Black, brown and a mixture of Black & white. This goat breed is becoming the first choice in the festival of Eid.
This small breed of goats originated in Uttar Pradesh India. This Barbari Goat breed also can survive in any region of India. These goats have small straight ears and flat or round horns and short hair. A white coat with brown spots is common. Adult females are 27 – 36 kg in weight and adult male weight between 35 -45 kg. This breed has been selected for milk production and is very prolific with twins and triplets being common.
The Government of India helps to start this business to provide employment through Goat farming in Punjab. This breed has the potential to generate a good income. the Subsidy on Goat farming in Punjab is provided by NABARD (National Agriculture Bank And Rural Development). This subsidy is based on the Caste System of India. If you belong to SC/ST/BPL card than surely you can get a 33% subsidy in the bank loan from the NABARD and if you belong to OBC/General then you can get 25% Subsidy in the Bank loan from NABARD.
This subsidy helps to start this business. This subsidy can get any person from India. This is provided by the state Punjab government and the Indian Government. The Punjab Government on goat farming ids focusing mainly on the Dairy farming business.
Advantages of goat farming in Punjab
The very first advantage of goat farming in Punjab is the indigenous breed of Punjab i.e beetal. The meat of this goat is tastier than other breeds. The skin quality of Beetal is unique and there is a huge demand in European countries.
This business can start with low investment and the growing percentage of business is very high.
The demand for goat meat is continuously growing and didn’t see any downfall in requirement and rate in goat meat in Punjab.
The goat is a very good source of meat, milk, skin, and manure.
The goat manure has a higher value of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Manure can be used as fertilizer to fertilize the farm. It can be used in organic farming
Goats are small animals with friendly behavior and 100 goats can be managed easily by one person.
Huge demand for live goats during the festive time Eid and Durga puja. The price of Buck hike during this time and farmers get a very good rate this time.
Land condition and climatic condition suits commercial goat farming in Punjab.
Easy availability of green fodder and other Goat feed in Punjab.
Goats are more economical than sheep and cattle on free-range grazing under semi-arid conditions.
The beetal goats have a high productivity rate, 5 months gestation period and generally give twins. The breed has the potential to increase the flock rapidly.
Punjab is an agricultural dominant state of India and Goat farming is a very important part of the rural economy and supports farmer income during the time of crop failure. The income in Goat farming is more compared to any other livestock business.
Goats can survive on shrubs, tree leaves, kitchen wastes and in small roughages, and Punjab is known for the backyard goat farming and fastly moving to commercial or stall feeding goat farming. Goat rearing in Punjab is possible at low cost & this is the main reason for increasing the demand for Goat farming in Punjab.
Goat farming Training in Punjab
Before starting this business or any type of business to learn about that business is quite an important thing to avoid loss. It is better to learn from others’ experiences, that’s why Training is important. The Goat farming training in Punjab provide by many institutes and farms but selecting the Good institute and Goat farm is your choice. So visit the farm as much as possible & do research about this business before getting involve in this business.
Government goat breeding farm Mattewara (Punjab)
To get the quality goat breed in Punjab, the government goat breeding farm Mattewara Ludhiana Punjab is the best option. They provide a pure high genetic goat breed and focuses mainly on Breed improvement. they also provide guidance to the new commercial goat farm.
This breeding farm is the livestock center of Punjab region and cattle, Buffalo, sheep are also available in their farm. it is run by government they rear goats by scientific methods and their goats are complete vaccinated, it is the biggest reason of healthy goat.
Goat housing According to Punjab region
The climate of Punjab experiences cool and wet tropical monsoon climate. In summer the temperature ranges from 38 to 40 degrees. This climate is good for indigenous and som nearby regions breeds of goats.
Goat housing is a key part of goat farming. Goats spend 12 to 14 hours of time in the shed or house of a goat. The goat house should be according to the orientation and climatic condition of the region. The proper comfort for the goats can maximize the profits. The farm should not be overcrowded with the number of goats. The proper space should remain according to the flock size.
The house helps during bad weather and saves from the predator attack. The goat’s house should be clean and hygienic every time. The roof protects from the rain and sidewalls protect from hot and cold wind.
In commercial goat farming, the open paddock area should be double the shed area. Open the paddock area for the walking of the goats.
Commercial goat farming in Punjab
Goat farming has become an enterprise, many young entrepreneurs came forward to do this business recently. Commercial goat farming industry is growing day by day in Punjab.
The consumption of goat meat is higher than the availability. So the state has to import goats from the other state or nearby state of the region.
Both the male and female have equal values in commercial goat farms. Beginners who want to start goat farm always purchase vaccinated and pure breed animal. The only place they can get vaccinated and pure animal is the old commercial goat farm. So breeding commercial goat farm has made its own different place and a lot of farmers in Punjab generating very good profit at another level.
Basic care and management of goat farming
The farm should always be clean and hygiene. Clean and bacteria-free floors can rid of many diseases in the goats. The lime powder should be sprinkle in every 15 days.
The kids does and male should be separated from each other in the farm
Proper care of pregnant goat should follow in the farm
Over milk to the kids causes diarrhea to try to feed milk to the kids 3 to 4 times a day.
The water pots on-farm should clean every day
Give good quality food to the goats.
Green and dry fodder should not be repeat. Try to give the same fodder in alternate days.
The floor of the farm should not be wet.
Proper care should be follow in the winter and rainy season.
Basic care of pregnant goats
The goat should be fully vaccinated before pregnancy
The pregnant goat should away from the adult buck
Proper care should be follow in the last 2 months of pregnancy
Give enough concentrates feed in the last two month of pregnancy
Colostrum management – must provide within one of birth
Naval management – Tincture Iodine application
In the first week feed milk 10 % of the body weight in 3 times a day
If there is no milk present in goats use milk replacer
The floor of the kid’s area should be clean every time.
Keep the kid with mother from birth to 2 weeks.
Keep the floor dry
Start proper vaccination at the right time
The proper vaccination to the goat increases the immunity and life of the goats. Goat is susceptible to some disease and proper vaccine schedules should be followed at the farm. Some diseases of Goats present not only in Punjab, but present across the country. Vaccination to the goats increases the profit of the farm.
The vaccination schedule below should follow every commercial goat farmer. It is one of the major key parts or can say Backbone of the commercial goat farming system.
It has been proven in the last three to four years that Goat farming in Punjab has the potential to make good money that’s why the number of commercial goat farms has increased. A bulk amount of green and dry fodder is available in the Punjab region, It can be done on the low cost in this state.
To Become a successful farmer, Goat farming training is quite important. Training helps you to learn everything about goat farming. Get the training from Indus Goat farm and training center.
If you want to start the goat farm then you should have to take training first after that you have to start goat farming business. Training from a reputed goat farm can save you from a huge loss.
Because of the lack of knowledge, in the beginning, most of the goat farmers face huge mortality of goats and their kids, and says to others goat farming is the worst business, the goat doesn’t survive and stop their business in a midway. But it’s not true.
Goat farming is one of the businesses that have a bright future and it is profitable if done in the right way. To taste the success in this business you have to enhance knowledge about goat disease,Goat feed, Goat breed, Goat marketing, Goat purchasing and all the terms related to goats. All these terms you learn if you take training from reputated goat farm like Indus goat farm.
Commercial Goat farming is growing quickly in India because of increasing the demand for goat meat. People of India love to eat the Goat meat that’s why the price of goat meat is continuously increasing day by day. And it will also increase in the future because the taste of goat meat is unique and there is no religious taboo on eating goat meat in India.
Most of the training center doesn’t teach you about goat farming and provide the basic training but Indus goat farm teach you well and cover all the aspects of goat farming.
Topics covered in the goat farming trainingBy Indus Goat Farm
All this topic covered in the 2 days training of Indus Goat farm. Indus goat farm is the best goat farming training center in India. The training they provide has excellent feedback.
1. Introduction of Goat farming
Basic of commercial goat farming, How much investment required to start goat farming business, The anatomy of goat, Goat farming business, then and now.
2. Goat Farming Methods
Types of goat farming method and its advantages and disadvantages.
3. Goat Breeds
The number of registered and unregistered goat breeds of India and their Productivity, their age at first kidding, how to identify them.
Exotic goat breeds available in India and their productivity and much more about goat breeds.
4. Importance of goat shed
Types of the goat shed design and its advantage and disadvantage, low investment goat shed, shed direction or orientation, feeders and waterers management, ventilation.
Daily management in goat housing, Importance of sanitation in the farm and much more about the shed.
5. Goat Feed
Goat feeding management, green fodder, dry fodder, and concentrated fodder schedule time and quantity. Importance of Goat nutrition and much more about feed
6. Breeding management of goats
The best season of breeding, selection of breeding buck, Age identification of goats, Heat detection techniques of goat, qualities of a breeding buck. Care and management of goat.
7. Kid management of goat
How to manage kids from day 1 to 90 days, kid feeding and Birth management.
8. Viral and bacterial disease of goats
Common Disease of goats and their causes, symptoms, Treatment, and prevention. (All major diseases covered)
9. External and internal Deworming schedules of goat
All about External and internal parasites. How to get rid of external and internal parasites, Dipping.
10. Vaccination scheduleof goats
Importance of vaccination of goats and their importance in goat farming business. Vaccination according to state.
11. General practical training
Hoof trimming, How to castrate goats, the importance of Tagging, Marking, Dressing, Brushing (Practical)
12. Goat economics of India
Future prediction of goat farming business, How to get the bank loan and subsidy information, Goat insurance.
13. Basic about Artificial insemination
What is artificial insemination and its advantages and disadvantages(theoretical)
14. Integrated businesses with goat farming
Importance of goat manure, vermicompost, Azola cultivation
15. Goat Meat and Meat Products
In the above topics, I mentioned the one topic has so many subtopics. All are important and covered in the 2-day training of Indus goat farm.
Why Goat farming Training is Required?
Generally, the farmers involving in this business know nothing about animals needs their nutrition requirements and what treatment goat needs when they are sick.
To become a successful goat farmer, goat farming training plays a major role. The training from a reputed goat farm will teach you all the needy aspects of goat farming and also helps you when you need or when you run your goat farm.
The trainer also teaches you the required general medicines for goat when your goat is ill.
A short investment in Goat farming training can save you from Loss. if your one expensive goat saves from the disease than it means your training is successful.
Indus Goat farm & training center
You can get the best training from the Indus goat farm. This is the leading goat farm in central India. Indus goat farm provides 2 days Commercial goat farming training in the last week of every month.
They cover all the topics from the above list. The best part of this training is they teach from live examples. They focus on both practical and theoretical knowledge of goat farming.
The main objective of this training is to improve the knowledge of goat farming beginners. The Indus goat farm was established in the year 2018, they running successfully and making a profit from this business.
The discussion with training members and answers to their questions is the main focused part of the training.
This goat farm located in Ujjain Madhya Pradesh. They provide the hotel facility to the training members for two to three days. The date they provide on their official website. It is the best training center in central India.
They also help the farmers after training, every time you can call or message and ask everything about the treatment. They also provide a goat farming training certificate after training. In this training, everyone for every state of India can come and get training.
In my opinion, without getting information about any type of business there is a big risk you can pass and you can fail but it is better to get training. Investment on your own to collect information is always worth it.
Generally, Goat farming training by the government is not that worth better to take the training from experienced Goat farm. generally, government officer that gives Goat farming training has no personal experience of rearing goats.
Indus Goat Farm is the member of Goat Spot Community. this community is the best community in the world where you get all about goat farming. This community has Both Paid and free membership.
Future scope of Goat farming or why you should enter in this Business?
The graph curve of goat farming is increasing. I have never seen any downfall in this business. The goat meat price is continuously increasing. India is the top exporter of goat and goat meat throughout the world. millions of goats sold at the Eid festival in India.
In my area, the price of goat meat is 550 Rs per Kg and I know it will touch 600 Rs per kg in the next year. You can expect the potential of this business.
Generally, the goat starts to eat a little bit after one month and for a goat farmer, the cost spent on one goat after one month is around 10 to 12 rupees average per day.
Goat farming Maths – How Much You can Earn?
If you reared one female goat for 14 months. Normally one goat Probably gives two kids in one gestation period(5 months). We raised goat and their kids.
We sold two kids in 6 months remaining 2 kids we raised for one year for sale on the Eid festival because we can get more price at this festival.
Normally, The cost spent on goat feed for one goat is 12 rs per day.
Now I have to sale all my goat’s kid then what money I will get
2 kids, I sold in 6 months in 5000 rs = 10000
2 goat I sold in Eid festival in 15000rs = 30000
the money I got in my hand is 40000
What I spent on feed is 17200
therefore 40000-17200 = 22800 rs
in this Training, the Indus Goat Farm also teaches you how can you earn more than that and the hidden principles of goat farming.
You earn 22800 and you have your female goat left in your farm. You can expect how much you can earn with 100 female goats. To check the project report of 100 female goats click on the link Goat farming project report of (100+5 goats)
Government Support to Goat Farming
The Goat Farming Business Supports 38 Thousand Crore Every year to India economy according to livestock census 2012. this business has a very bright future and the government continuously supporting to Start the goat farming business through subsidy.
In Every Financial Year Government sanction 200 crores to agriculture and Rural Development. This government of India provide subsidy to start Goat farming business, This subsidy is based on the caste system. the SC/ST/BPL gets 33% Subsidy and OBC/Gen gets a 25% subsidy to start this business.
This Subsidy is Provided by NABARD after getting a loan. So many people of India take this benefit every year to start this business.
Here we give a short example of one goat and her kids. You can earn good money in doing this business.
Generally, one farmer can easily raise 100 goats with one labor because the size of the goat is small compared to other livestock.
You can earn very good money if you have some land and you will grow your own concentrate feed like Makka, wheat, and Jo (Barley). then your cost of feeding will be less and you will earn good money.
Get the goat farming training from Indus goat farm they will teach you more in-depth about goat farming or how you can succeed with this business.
There are so many centers providing Goat farming training in Mathura but getting goat farming training from any farm is not a good choice. The first choice for goat farming training in Mathura should be CIRG But it is not possible for all to get the training from Cirg. They have minimum seats.
The Mathura is the Hub of Goat farming but don’t take the Goat farming training from anywhere. Try to take the training from a reputed goat farm Because the proper training doesn’t mean only vaccination to the goats.
In my opinion, if you are not selected in Cirg then you should move outside from Mathura. Generally, the important Goat farming training syllabus is completed in two to three days to start the goat farm and you have to spend a little money on training.
The Indus Goat farm is the registered goat farm in Ujjain Madhya Pradesh that provides Goat farming training at a reasonable cost they provide whole knowledge about goat farming in their two days of Goat farming training. they also provide the Hotel facilities to the training Member.
Why Goat farming training is important
Training plays a major role in goat farming. It helps to understand the key points of goat farming. But getting the Goat farming training from a good farm is important. It takes time to learn from our own experience, it is better to learn from others’ experiences.
For example: If you are going to purchase a goat then the goat price will be under 10,000. If you purchase 10 goats it costs around 1 lakhs. So, in my opinion, you should buy 9 goats and take the training which costs around under 10.000 rupees so you can save your 9 goats and do the business with perfection all your life.
A good Goat farming training center teaches you all about –
Introduction of Goat farming and Goat farming methods
Different Breeds of Goat and their productivity
Importance of Goat Housing & Goat Housing Equipments
All these Topics above are covered By Indus Goat farm And training center you can get there training easily and Book your seat on a single call. This Goat farm and training center is in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh in central India.
If you are taking training from outside, Don’t hesitate to ask about covering all the topics. These all are important.
Why Goat Farming?
Goat farming business is turning from rural to urban, many Young entrepreneurs are attracting and starting because they are seeing a profit in it and really the Goat farming business has the potential to make money. India is the top Exporter and consumer of goat meat in the world. The price of Goat meat is touching the sky. Indian Nonvegan likes to eat goat meat and it’s By-Products. It is one of the reasons for the increasing Price rapidly.
People making good money doing the goat farming business. The Goat is an animal that produces Milk, Meat, and Manure. Eating goat meat in India is not a religious taboo. The per-day rearing cost of goats is small compared to any other livestock Business. goat farming society
Do Remember the following points before starting Goat farm
First of all start with fewer Goats and don’t spend too much money in the goat shed in the beginning. Start with Minimal investment.
Do take the training first and visit Goat farms near your cities and observe the Daily routine schedule in the farm.
The selection of the right breed is quite an important part of goat farming. Generally, all goats are not the same. Every breed has its own Pros and cons. Some at the good in weight or some at the good in milk.
Every Business in the world takes time to become successful. It is one of the profitable business but can’t get you overnight success. Normally, It takes one year to make money.
Training plays an important role in this business because most people know nothing about goat farming. Get the training from an experienced goat farm so they can share their experience with you. Because Sharing experience with the trainees is quite an important part of goat farming. Goat farming training in Mathura Provided by government institute if you didn’t select than go for Indus goat farm they provide training every month. This farm is located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh – The Heart of India. They mainly focus on commercial goat farming because commercial goat farming is the future of goat farming.
Sirohi goat is originated in Rajasthan it is available in large quantities in Ajmer, Jalore, Tonk Sirohi, Udaipur, Jaipur, cities of Rajasthan. this Goat breed is Became the first choice for commercial goat farming or stall feeding Goat farming system Because this breed has the capability to Adopt any type of environment in India.
There is 22 recognized goat breed available in India and this Goat is one of the Popular in them. Sirohi Breed is one of the top Goat breed of Rajasthan. It can be easily raised in large numbers in a commercial goat farm.
It is the Dual Purpose Goat Breed,
used for both meat and Milk, Both the meat and milk production of this goat is
better compared to other Breeds.
this goat is ready to Eat any type of feed and the Feed conversion rate (FCR) of this Goat is quite Good. it achieves very good Bodyweight in a short period of time. That’s why this Goat has become the first choice for most of the commercial goat farms in India.
All the Goat Farmers who are raising these goats is achieving Success and making a good profit.
Nowadays, you can buy Sirohi Breed in every region of India.
Sirohi Goat Breed Profile
Size of Adult
Brown With Dark Brown Spots
of Mature Male (2
to 85 kg
Of Mature Female(2
to 65 kg
At First Kid
on No. of Kid)
of Kid Crops
in 2 Year
1 to 1.5 liter per day
The main characteristics of this goat is their Affordable price. This price is beneficial for the Beginner goat farmer who can easily start their venture with this goat at less price compare to other Goat Breed.
The Sirohi Goat Perform very Good on Arid or semi-arid region and achieve good weight At 3 to four hours of grazing and little concentrate on returning to their home.
This Breed is available in large number, Approximately 3 Million Goats are available according to a survey in 2013 this
this breed also gives good profit to the goat farmers at the time of Eid and Durgapuja.
this breed comes in the category of Large size Breed which is very good in weight and the looks of this goat is quite attractive.
The coat color of this goat is Light Brown with Dark Brown Spots. The skin is very tight and Thick. The adult male of this goat is Aggressive. The adult Sirohi easily achieves 50 kg in 1 year.
Ears are Pendulus and 25 to 30 cm long and 10 cm wide. The Eyes are oval in shape or Brown in color. The Horns are the medium size in an upward direction or slightly tilted backside.
The height of adult Sirohi Buck is lying Between 34 to 36 inches, it can be more depends upon their genetics.
this is one of the best goat in meat production they grow very Quickly, their FCR(Feed conversion rate) is quite Good As compared to other breeds on India.
This goat breed gains 90 to 100 gm Bodyweight per day at the age of 0 to 3 months. Or at in age of 3 to 9 months, it gain 130 to 140 gm per day grow 100 gms per day. this is the good numbers for any type of goat Breed.
this weight gain is noted on Semi-intensive Goat farmingsystem. It can be more in Commercial goat farming or stall feeding system.
This is the weight of Non-castrated goat, the weight of castrated goat will be more.
Sirohi Goat weight chart
Sirohi breed is known for its quick weight gain. this goat breed has the ability to achieve good Body weight in a short period of time. the below Sirohi goat weight chart is based on semi-intensive goat farming system
Age of Goat
Weight of Goat (Kg)
Kid weight At the time
0 – 3 months
3- 6 months
60-70 (Average male & female)
Sirohi Goat Price in Maharashtra
after the Rajasthan, this goat breed is available in the Maharashtra state. there is a huge demand for this breed in Maharashtra. this goat breed is mainly raised for Eid purpose.
the price of this breed is mainly depends on age. let’s discuss about the Sirohi goat price in Maharashtra
Age of goat
Price of Sirohi goat in Maharashtra (RS)
Sirohi Goat Maximum Weight
from my personal experience, I have seen 140 Kg Bodyweight Sirohi buck and the age of that buck is 6 teeth or around 2.5 to 3 years. that Sirohi goat was sold on the very high price in Deonar bakra mandi in the year of 2018.
the castrated Sirohi buck can gain 6 Kg per month on the proper concentrated, Dry, and green feed. Sirohi gains weight very quickly after Beetal goat.
Sirohi is the dual-purpose goat breed, it is also good milk production. All the Weight and Health of Kid depends on the Milk Production of Goat.
The Milk production of Goat also
depends on Quality feed giving to the Goat, So at the Time of Gestation and
Lactation Period farmer should increase the 100 gm concentrate feed for Better
This Goat produces 1.5-liter milk in the first month after giving birth to the goat. After that, the milk production slightly decreases weekly. The Average milk Production of this goat in one lactation is 100 to 110 liter is noted.
Housing Requirement for this Goat
The Kid 0 to 3 months required 2 Square feet covered area in thehouseand 4 square feet open paddock area for Exercise.
3 to 6 months of age goat required 5 Square feet covered area in house or 10 square Feet Open Paddock area.
6 to 12 months goat required 8 square feet covered area in house and 15 square feet Open paddock area.
The Adult Goat more than 12 months required 10 square feet covered area in the house and 15 square feed Open paddock area for Exercise.
The House should be well ventilated for a better cross-section of air.
the Housing of Sirohi Gopat should be clean dry and Hygiene for Better production and reproduction or good health and Growth of the Goats.