the breed is named on US state. New Hampshire chicken breed is recognized in 1935. It is the fast-growing Dual purpose breed used for both meat and eggs. The breed is developed in New Hampshire from Rhode island Red. This breed is quite good in weight and commercially used in large scale.
This is medium heavy size breed that is red in color & looks like ditto of Rhode island red also known from New Hampshire Red.
Because New Hampshire grow rapidly and it is Prolific egg layer, it is largely used to develop the other breeds.the New hampshire chicken lifespan is 8 years.
American Poultry Association classified New Hampshire chicken as American bird, and Poultry club of great Britain classified it a clean feathered heavy bird.
New Hampshire Chicken Facts and Productivity
|Name Of Breed||New Hampshire|
|Other Name of Breed||New Hampshire Red chicken|
| New Hampshire |
|Unites states of America|
|Disposition||Calm and Friendly|
|Comb type||Single Comb|
|Cock weight||3.5 kg to 3.8 kg (8 lbs to 8.5 lbs).|
|Cockrel weight||3 kg (6.5 lbs)|
|Hen weight||2.8 kg to 3 kg (6 lbs to 6.5 lbs).|
|Pullet weight||2.5kg (5.5 lbs)|
|Egg capacity per year||180-190 eggs|
|Age at first Egg (days)||140-150|
|Egg weight||50-54 g|
|Survivability % upto 6 weeks||98|
New Hampshire chicken characteristics
New Hampshire is a single comb type. There is no specific variety of New Hampshire. Behavior or temperament is calm and friendly but sometimes it can become aggressive. It has a fast feathering. Shank is free from feather. The ability to find their own food is quite low makes them poor foragers.
The rooster of New Hampshire gains very good weight and it matures early. Hens lay large size brown color eggs. This characteristic makes them Pure Dual purpose breed. this breed has both Bantam and standard versions.
New Hampshire is a good mother as well as a good sister. they Always show broodiness. They don’t fight with their sisters in a large number of flocks.
They perform better in free-range or in the backyard. Gives rapid return as well as gives good production of eggs. The new Hampshire chicken temperament is Docile and friendly.
Appearance of New Hampshire chicken
New Hampshire is only recognized in a light red color. This breed looks beautiful in appearance.
The comb type is single and medium in size, and vertically upright in position with 5 to 6 tip. The comb is bright red in color.
It is fast grower medium-heavy sized with full, deep & broad breast.
Both Shanks and toes are free from feathers or yellowish in color. There are four toes available in this breed.
Both Wattle is equal in size or bright red in color. While ear lobes are half of the wattle and it also bright red in color. Ear lobes, wattles, and comb are the same in color which increases the attraction of the bird.
The tail is well spread or dark black in color. The tail of cock inclined to make an angle and increase the beauty of a cock. Head is medium in size.
The New Hampshire chicken eye color is orange. Beak is hard or yellow in color and it is slightly curved.
Meat production of New Hampshire chicken
New Hampshire chicken is very good in meat production. Cockerel matures early achieve very good weight in limited time. It is used commercially on a very large scale. One of the popular and demanding breed in Europe and the United States of America.
It gives a quick return to their flock owner. it appears in the category of Profitable breed.
The average standard weight of cock ranges between 3.5 kg to 3.8 kg (8 lbs to 8.5 lbs).
The average standard weight of Hen ranges between 2.8 kg to 3 kg (6 lbs to 6.5 lbs).
New Hampshire Chicken Egg Production
The New Hampshire chicken egg production makes them a very popular dual purpose breed. it is a very good egg layer that lays fair number of eggs.
Generally, they start laying eggs at the age of their 20th to 21st weeks it lays around 180 to 190 eggs in throughout the year by a single hen. It lays up to their 70th weeks of age. After that, it is sold for meat purpose. It lays medium size brown color eggs that weigh around 50 to 55 g.
They fulfill the nutrition requirement of the family of flock owner by their high-quality eggs.
Basic Care and management or health issue with New Hampshire.
- The profitable breed means extra care and management of birds. The cock, hen, cockerel, and pullet needs proper space according to their age. One cock is sufficient for the ten hens.
- Don’t be over crowd in the house. Gower house or layer house should be separate for better production.
- House should be well ventilated for cross-contamination of air.
- Deworming is necessary for every eight weeks of interval. If more than 20 Hens and cocks on the farm, there will be a problem of mites and ticks. So with the internal deworming external deworming is also essential for better growth of the birds.
- Layer or grower house should be clean, hygiene or dry and disinfected 24×7.
- Birds are susceptible to some viral and bacterial contagious disease Follow the proper vaccination schedule for better immunity.
- Quality feed will give quality results. The feed should be balance with all the nutrition, protein, vitamins and minerals.
Why choose New Hampshire?
Is New Hampshire is Good for your Farm?
- Dual-purpose breed is the people choice. It is quite good in weight as well as an egg layer. choose it with a blindfold covering the eyes.
- Perform very well in the free-range or in the backyard.
- It is a good mother, no need of an incubator to hatch eggs for a small number of the flock. It always go broody.
- New Hampshire is the profitable breed which gives rapid returns to their owner.
- It is the medium sized heavy breed. generally, they don’t fight with their sisters and can be handled easily
- The feed conversion rate into meat is quite good in the case of New Hampshire chicken. They achieve very good weight at a short duration of time.