poultry breeds information guide

Poultry Breeds

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Poultry Breeds

Breed means a group, which defines the physical characteristics or a variety of poultry bird like color, size, and shape, bird comb, feather, shanks, structure, behavior or temperament. The Poultry breeds should be classified according to their purpose or use. the selection of breed is the key part of Poultry farming.

Chickens are available in different color, shape, and size worldwide. More than 300 of the combination of physical characteristics of chickens are available. The chickens are known from the origin, classes, and variety and they Need Comfortable Housing.

Variety

Variety is the description of any breed. in which physical features of breed include like beard and muffs, comb type, plumage and its color which is available in all breeds. In some breeds, there are the number of colors available in a single breed like white, buff, partridge or barred but the body and physical feature are same in that type of cases variety known only by color.

Comb type

type of comb identify the poultry breeds
Comb type

Comp type is the key part in the identification of the type of breed generally single, Pea and Rose are the common comb type. Comb exist in almost all the breeds. In some varieties, all things like color, beard, and muffs are the same the only difference is comb type. That time breed is known only by comb.

Class

The class indicates the group of breeds developed in the same region or geographical area. There are four classes

American classPlymouth rocks, Dominique, Wyandotte, Rohde island red, Buckeye, New Hampshire, Delawares, jersey giant

Mediterranean class – leghorns, Ancona, Andalusian, Minorca.

English class – Dorkings, Cornish, Orpington, Sussex, australorp.

Asiatic class – Brahma,cochin, langshan.

Shape Types

Each breed has its own type shape. Shape and size is another key part for identification of breeds.

different different shapes of chicken
Shapes of chicken

A lot of breed present worldwide with different different characteristics,

The poultry breeds are classified

Meat production or broiler breeds

plymouth chicken very good at meat purpose
Plymouth Rock Chicken (Meat purpose)

The broiler breeds kept only for the meat purpose. The breeds come under the broiler is not much good in egg production. For meat production generally, see the weight of cock and hen. In these categories, all chickens are very good at weight gain. in meat production, most of the chickens perform very well in backyard poultry. The FCR of all the chickens is better in the backyard.

Their breeds available for broiler farming or meat production are as follows:

 
Breed
      
Origin  

Variety  
CornishU K  Buff
white 
white laced red,
 
Plymouth
rock
American  Buff
Blue
white buff
barred
Partridge
Columbian
silver penciled
 
Red jungle
fowl
India  Red, brown  
New Hamp-shireAmerican           –  
Jersey
giant
American  White
Black  
DelawareAmerican  Columbian
Black
 
BrahmaChina  Buff
Black 
Partridge
Light dark
 
BresseFrance  white

Egg production or layer breeds

The birds in these categories are very good for the purpose of the egg. Generally, 100 to 120 or more eggs lay in a year. Some of the hens lay 200 to 250 eggs in a year. Each poultry breeds has its own specialty, temperament, and variety.

number one breed in egg production
white leghorn (Egg production)
Breed Origin   Variety  
Leghorn Italy  Single comb,
Rose comb,
Dark brown,
Brown,
white buff-white,
light black, etc.  

Amera-
ucana
American  Buff, blue wheaten,
Black,
Silver, white,
Blue, red-brown.
 

Andal-
usian
Spain  
Blue, blue-black  
Legbar UK  
Golden, cream silver  

Easter
Egger
American  Black, brown  
Hamburg Germany,
Netherland  
Black,
white,
Silver Penciled,
Golden penciled,
Silver spangled and
Golden spangled.
 
Isa brownFrance  
Brown
 
AnconaUnited Kingdom  Single comb,
Red comb
Black, mottled white
 

Dual purpose breed for meat and eggs

Generally, all the hens give both meat and egg. But under dual purpose breed hen are very good in egg laying, as well as also good in weight for meat when they are adult.

Rohde island red dual purpose poultry breed
Rohde island Red (Dual purpose breed)
Breed Origin   Variety  
Rohde
island red
American  White, silver penciled,
Barred, Buff, Partridge,
Columbian, etc. 
Single comb, rose comb.

WyandotteAmerican  White, Golden Laced,
silver laced.  
SussexUK   Red, Speckled, light, etc.

Nacked
neck
Turkey  Buff, red, black,
blue cuckoo,
white, etc.  

Red Ranger
Europe  
Red, light brown
 
Marans France  Black, wheaten, buff,
black copper,
golden cuckoo,
Columbian etc.
 
Dominique American  
Barred  

Orpington UK 
Buff, black, white, blue
 
Langshan China  
White, black, etc.  

Houdan France  
Mottled black &white
 
Barnevelder Netherland  
Double laced.
 
Dorking  UK  White, silver-gray
and colored.
 
AustralorpAustralia  Greenish black.
Buckeye American  
Mahogany red  

Ornamental chicken breeds

Ornamental chicken breeds are those which are used for exhibition, household pets, shows or games. The chickens in this breeds are fancy, beautiful in look or docile or peaceful in nature compared to others. The feather and comb and color are unique. Thes chickens are costly.

Breed Origin   Variety  

Silkie

China  

White, black  
PolishEuropeBuff laced,
Bearded golden
and silver,
Bearded white,
White-crested black,
Non-bearded golden,
Silver and white.

Cochin
China  Buff,
Black, white
Ayam Cemani
Indonesia  Black  
Japanese BantamJapan  Buff Columbian,
Black-tailed buff,
Black-tailed white,
Brown red, blue red,
Blue,
Blue mottled, etc.
Onagadori Japan  White,
Black-breasted red,
Black-breasted white.  


Minorca

Spain  



Single comb black,
Rose comb black, 
Single comb white,
Rose comb white.
   
Faverolle France Black, white,
Blue cuckoo, etc.


Sebright UK  Silver, gold
 
SultanTurkey  
white

 
WelsummerNetherland
Red partridge  
PhoenixGermany  White,
Black-breasted red,
Black breasted white.
   
Serama
Malaysia  

Red-black
 

Indian breeds of chicken

kadaknath chicken information
Kadaknath chicken (Meat purpose)

Breed Origin
Variety
Kadaknath India  
Full black
Aseel IndiaBlack, Red,
White,
black with white spotted, etc.
Punjab brown India  
Brown, buff, red

Chittagong   IndiaBuff,
White,
Black,
Grey,
Brown, etc.
Ankleshwar   India Buff,
Red-brown,

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