feed formula for the broiler

Poultry Feed

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The Quality feed to the birds gives quality results. The good poultry feed can maximize the performance and production of the birds. The feed should be packed with Nutrition So that the birds can produce more amount of Nutrition for Human Beings in the form of Meat and Eggs.

The Birds Require feed balanced with Energy, Proteins, Fats, Vitamins, Minerals, and other Feed Additives in the feed for Better growth and Production.

Poultry feed is a mixture of cereals, cereals by-product, Vegetables, Soybean cake, Animal Protein, Feed supplements, Feed Additives, and premixes.

Poultry feed is the key part of the Poultry Business.  There are two major costs involve in Poultry Farming the first is chick costs and the second is  Feed cost.

The 70% of costs from the total cost is spent on the Poultry Feed. The feed cost can be minimized and include an extra margin in the profit. A better feed can simply help in enhancing the Poultry Breed and And save the Birds from Major Poultry disease.

Here we give a brief account of poultry feed formulation methods or How to Make Your Own Poultry Feed for the Broilers.

Every Poultry Business person should know the feed formulation to improve feed quality.

Important Facts in Poultry Feed

broiler growth from highly nutrition feed design and calculation.
Boiler Growth nowadays

Phase feeding: nutrition density changes according to age. Feeding poultry according to their stage of growth.

Metabolizable Energy (ME): energy Measurement in feed and expressed in kilocalories (Kcal) or in Mega calories Mcal

Crude protein: Amount of protein present in feed it is expressed in %.

Amino Acids: The protein made from the Amino acids. There are twenty types of amino acids. The amino acids present in the least amount in the feed. The birds have a deficiency of some amino acids. Therefore, the most essential amino acids like Lysine and Methionine have to add from external sources.

The Main Amino Acids have to add in the poultry feed are:

Methionine

it is limiting amino acid in poultry feed. Methionine is one of the important factors for the growth of poultry. it present in maize and soybean in a very limited amount. It is additional nutrition we have to add in the feed. Without Methionine growth, rapid growth isn’t possible.

Lysine

it is another limiting amino acid in the poultry feed. Which is quite important for the growth of the chickens. Available in Maize and soybean in very less amount which has to fulfill from external sources.

Threonine

It fulfills the requirement of crude protein. If the protein if enough according to requirement of chickens than there is no need for threonine.

Poultry Feed ingredient sources

feed ingredients used in the poultry feed for the better performance
Feed Ingrediants
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Energy Sources – Cereals Grains, Grains by-product

Some important energy sources below mainly use one or two at a time in the poultry feed.

Corn

Corn is one of the main source of energy in the poultry feed. Its also known as Maize in some countries. 60 to 70 percent corn used in feed depends on the requirement.

Some Important Corn Nutrients in percentage (%)

Kcal/kg 3330
Crude Protein 8.5
Calcium 0.01
Phosphorus 0.13
Sodium 0.05
Chloride 0.05
Methionine 0.20
Methionine+cystine 0.31
Lysine 0.20
Threonine 0.41
Wheat

Wheat is another good source of energy which is used in many countries in Poultry feed. Or it can be added with corn according to feed formulation.

Some Important wheat Nutrients in percentage (%)

Kcal/kg 3150
Crude Protein 12
Calcium 0.05
Phosphorus 0.20
Sodium 0.09
Chloride 0.08
Methionine 0.20
Methionine + cystine 0.41
Lysine 0.49
Threonine 0.42
Shorgum      

In poultry feed sorghum always compared with corn its nutrients is little bit less than corn. It also known as Milo.

Some Important Sorghum Nutrients in percentage (%)

Kcal/kg 3250
Crude Protein 9
Calcium 0.05
Phosphorus 0.14
Sodium 0.05
Chloride 0.07
Methionine 0.12
Methionine+cystine 0.29
Lysine 0.31
Threonine 0.32
Soybean

Soybean is the Excellent source of Crude Protein and Energy in the Poultry Feed. Soybean is full of nutrition. Lysine and threonine present in good amount and availablity of methionine is less compared to others.

Some Important Soybean Nutrients in percentage (%)

Kcal/kg 2550
Crude Protein 48
Calcium 0.20
Phosphorus 0.37
Sodium 0.05
Chloride 0.05
Methionine 0.72
Methionine+cystine 1.51
Lysine 3.22
Threonine 1.96

Fat Sources – Vegetables Oil  And Tallow

Fat is also important part in the poultry feed like other nutrients. It required in the feed according the stage of birds. It appear from the oils like soybean oil, Groundnut oil or Sunflower oil.

Tallow

it is the pure fat which is sourced from slaughter house and it is cheaper than oil.

Protein Sources – Vegetables Sources Animal Protein Sources.

Vegetable Sources Protein

Soybean oil cake

Groundnut oil cake

Cotton Seed Meal

Sunflower oil Cake

Animal Protein Source

Meat and Bone Meal (MBM)

it is the cheap source of very good quality protein used in the Poultry feed. Meat and Bone Meal is a good source of Arginine and Lysine amino acid which helps in the growth of the birds. MBM is also a good source of Calcium and phosphorus. It can easily available from the slaughter house. 50% crude protein available in MBM which is quite good.

Some Important MBM Nutrients in percentage (%)

Kcal/kg 2650
Crude Protein 50
Calcium 8.0
Phosphorus 4.0
Sodium 0.50
Chloride 0.90
Methionine 0.71
Methionine+cystine 1.32
Lysine 2.68
Threonine 1.52
Blood Meal

It is the high crude protein source and lysine present in good amount. Blood meal is available at cheap cost it important part of Poultry Feed

Fish Meal

It is the excellent source of protein and other nutrients.

Vitamin Supplements Poultry Vitamin Supplements

Vitamins are quite essential for the growth of the chickens. It contains all the required vitamins A, D, E, K, B1, B2, B12. Etc. The various company makes Broiler or Layer chickens vitamin premixes.

Mineral SupplementsMineral Mixtures

Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Chloride and Magnesium, Zinc, Copper, Iron are the common minerals used in the poultry feed. 

 Calcium is largely required in layer farming as compared to broiler farming.

Sodium

It the component of salt and it is Most required electrolyte for life of chickens. it has to be maintained in the feed as per limit. It should not be less or more in the feed. it unbalanced in the ration which has to balance for better growth.

Chloride

Another important electrolyte for life of chickens. it has to be maintained in the feed as per limit. It should not be less or more in the feed. it unbalanced in the ration which has to balance for better growth.

Di-Calcium Phosphate and Limestone Powder

They are the main sources of calcium or an important part in the Poultry Feed.

Poultry feed is the important for the actual growth of the chicken in limited period of time
Poultry Feed

Feed Additives – Growth Promoters.

Anti-oxidant

It Prevents the oxidation in the feed and saves from spoil.

Anti coccidial

Anti-coccidial is the drug used in the feed to prevent the coccidiosis disease in the intestine of the birds.

Coccidiosis is caused by Coccidia a Single-Cell-Protozoa which damaged the intestine and do not absorb nutrients.

Mycotoxin Binder

The little-bit fungus always presents in the major sources of feed like Maize and soybean and it grows rapidly. The Fungus present in the poultry feed which produces Mycotoxins. These mycotoxins are harmful and cause huge loose in the poultry industry. For avoiding these mycotoxins from the feed we use Micotoxins Binders. It’s available easily on the feed store.

Enzymes

Enzymes are used to improve the Digestion of Birds for the better FCR. Generally, the body system of birds does not produce enough natural enzyme to digest highly Nutrient Feed. The body produces low enzymes in the pre-starter stage of birds. Therefore its must add Enzymes pre-starter feed.

Probiotic

It is the type of good Bacteria which restrict to grow the Harmful bacteria like Salmano-li, E-coli in the intestine. It is an important part of Poultry feed. Pro-biotic decrease the use of Antibiotic in the feed. Now-a –days Probiotic replaces the anti-biotic.

Choline

It is one of the important nutrients in the feed. Which helps in making the cell of DNA and liver Functioning. The deficiency of choline in chicken restrict the division of cells.

Trace Minerals

It needs in the poultry feed in a minimum amount and it is very essential for the growth of the chickens.

Acidifier

Acidifier restricts in the growth of fungus and bacteria in the feed. It maintains the quality of feed. Acidifier also improves intestinal health.

Phytase

Phytase is used to bind the nutrition in the feed.

Anti-Mycoplasma

Anti-Mycoplasma is used in the farm who largely affected by mycoplasma. It is the Drug can be in feed for the prevention of Mycoplasma. This drug is also available in liquid form which used within the water. It is Mainly Used in the Breeder and layer feed.

Antibiotic

Antibiotic is the drug used to restrict the growth of harmful bacteria in the intestine. It is also known as growth promoters.

Emulsifier

It is used in the feed for the digestion of fat.

Soda

It is also called Sodium Bi-carbonate. It is used the level the quantity of sodium in the feed.

Salt

It is used to balance the sodium and chloride in the feed.

Feed Type for the Broilers

 Age Feed Type Energy
(Kcal/Kg)
Crude Protein
(%)
00-12 Days Pre-Starter 3000 22.5
13-21 Days Starter 3100 21
22- till
Slaughter
Finisher 3200 19.5

Note: Energy and Crude Protein may be vary according to requirement of Breed.

How To Make Your Own Poultry Feed

Broiler Poultry Feed Formulation ‘Pre-Starter’ Feed (995 kg)

The ingredient we are choosing for the Pre-Starter feed is

  • Corn
  • Soybean de-oiled cake (DOC)
  • Meat & Bone Meal (MBM).

This three ingredients are 950 kg and remaining are Premixes

Ingredients Weight
Corn 594.3. kg
MBM   40.0 kg
Soybean DOC 315.7 kg
Oil 13.75 kg
Di-calcium Phosphate (DCP)   4.81 kg
Limestone Powder (LSP) 13.35 kg
Salt 1.64   kg
Soda 1.87   kg
Methionine 2.456 kg
Lysine 1.768 kg
Therionine  0.2    kg
Probiotic  0.1    kg
Maduramycin (Anti-coccidiosis)  0.5    kg
Nano Selenium (Anti-Oxidant) 0.05   kg
Grofort (Growth Promoter)   0.2   kg
Choline   0.9   kg
Phytase  0.05  kg
Acidifier   0.5   kg
Enzyme   0.5   kg
Toxin Binder      1   kg
Trace Mineral    0.5  kg
Vitamin premix    0.5  kg
Vitamin C   0.09 kg
Total 994.734 kg

Note: This Formulation of Feed are based on the Calculation.

Broiler Poultry Feed Formulation ‘Starter’ Feed (1000 kg)

The ingredient we are choosing for the Starter feed is

  • Corn
  • Soybean de-oiled cake (DOC)
  • Meat & Bone Meal (MBM).

This Three ingredients are 950 kg and remaining are premixes.

Ingredients Weight
Corn 632.8 kg
MBM   40.0 kg
Soybean DOC 277.2 kg
Oil 23.29 kg
Di-calcium Phosphate   3.8   kg
Limestone Powder 12.07 kg
Salt 1.64   kg
Soda 1.87   kg
Methionine 2.26   kg
Lysine 1.24   kg
Therionine  0.2    kg
Probiotic  0.1    kg
Maduramycin (Anti-coccidiosis)  0.5    kg
Nano Selenium (Anti-Oxidant) 0.05   kg
Grofort (Growth Promoter)   0.2   kg
Choline   0.9   kg
Phytase  0.05  kg
Acidifier   0.5   kg
Enzyme   0.5   kg
Toxin Binder      1   kg
Trace Mineral    0.5  kg
Vitamin premix    0.5  kg
Vitamin C   0.09 kg
Total 10001.26 kg

Note: This Formulation of Feed are based on the Calculation.

Broiler Poultry Feed Formulation ‘Finisher’ Feed (1000 kg)

The ingredient we are choosing for the Finisher feed is

  • Corn
  • Soybean de-oiled cake (DOC)
  • Meat & Bone Meal (MBM).

This three ingredients are 950 kg and remaining are premixes.

Ingredients Weight
Corn 671.29 kg
MBM   40.0 kg
Soybean DOC 238.7 kg
Oil     34 kg
Di-calcium Phosphate (DCP) 3.219 kg
Limestone Powder (LSP) 11.52 kg
Salt 1.63   kg
Soda 1.852 kg
Methionine 2.066 kg
Lysine 1.308 kg
Therionine  0.2    kg
Probiotic  0.1    kg
Maduramycin (Anti-coccidiosis)  0.5    kg
Nano Selenium (Anti-Oxidant) 0.05   kg
Grofort (Growth Promoter)   0.2   kg
Choline   0.9   kg
Phytase  0.05  kg
Acidifier   0.5   kg
Enzyme   0.5   kg
Toxin Binder      1   kg
Trace Mineral    0.5  kg
Vitamin premix    0.5  kg
Vitamin C   0.09 kg
Total 1010.675 kg

Note: This Poultry feed Formulation for broiler is based on the Calculation.

Conslusion

No one will share the Secret feed formula after spending a week on the research and reading a lot of reserch paper on the poultry feed we get this ingrdients and get the formula. if you make your own poultry feed with this formula you can save a Huge money because a major cost spent only in the feed in this Business.

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