Silkie chicken

Silkie chicken Breed characteristics and information

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The name silkie is given for their stunning plumage. Silkie chicken is mainly used for ornamental purpose. This breed is quite different in look. Silkie chicken has very light in weight but it is a good layer. This breed is originated in China the availability of this bird in China is very large in number as compared to other near regions.

Silkie has very different features. firstly they have a walnut comb, the color of the eggshell is cream. They have black color skin, meat, and bones similar to Indian Breed Kadaknath.

It is a very popular breed for ornamental purpose. Silkie is always Compared with Polish chicken in Exhibition.

The fluffy feather is silky in texture gives them a perfect look. This appearance of breed makes them standard breed fowl.

White Silkie chicken
White Silkie chicken

Silkie chicken Varieties

The breeds come in both bearded and non-bearded variety. Silkie is a very old breed The main breed of silkie which is firstly recognized by the American Poultry Association is white. All the variety has feathered on legs. the variety this breed depends up on Silkie chicken colors and its beard.

There is a total thirteen variety of silkie which is as follows:

S.No                 Variety   Admitted year      
By APA
1. Bearded White 1874
2. Non-Bearded white 1874
3. Bearded Black 1965
4. Non-Bearded Black 1965
5. Bearded Blue 1996
6. Non-Bearded Blue 1996
7. Bearded Buff 1996
8. Non-Bearded Buff 1996
9. Bearded Gray 1996
10. Non-Bearded Gray 1996
11. Bearded Partridge 1996
12. Non-Bearded Partridge 1996
13. Bearded Splash 2001

Silkie chicken Characteristics

Silkie chicken white
silkie chicken Breed

In some region, it is called Bantam chicken because it is short in height or very light in weight. The whole body is covered with Silky hair. The behavior and temperament of silky are Docile, calm and friendly. they have all the qualities as a family pet.

Silkie is a very good mother and always show broodiness. It can be used as natural incubators. Silkie is capable of hatching eggs of other hens and Ducks.

The colour of skin, Comb, Meat and Bones are dark Black makes them different from other breeds. In Asia, it is famous for its Black Colour meat. Buyers have to p[ay extra money for their different colour meat. The meat of silkie is very high in demand in Asia.

Silkie Chicken Facts and Productivity

Name of Breed Silkie 
Other Name of Breed Silky   
silkie chicken Origin China
Development year 1874
Disposition Docile, Calm and friendly.
Variety
White Bearded and Non-Bearded.
Blue Bearded and Non-Bearded
Black Bearded and Non-Bearded
Partridge Bearded and Non-Bearded
Buff Bearded and Non-Bearded
Gray Bearded and Non-Bearded
Bearded Splash.
 
Comb type Walnut
Main color White
Purpose Ornamental
Cock weight 1 kg to 1.3 kg (2.5 lbs to 3 lbs).
Cockrel weight 0. kg (1.5 lbs)
Hen weight 0.6 kg to 0.9 kg (1.5 lbs to 2 lbs).
Pullet weight 0.5 kg (1.2 lbs)
Egg capacity per year 110-120 eggs
Age at first Egg (days) 130-140
Egg weight 50 g
Egg color White or Cream
Egg size Medium
Skin color Black
Shank color Black
Survivability %
 upto 6 weeks
98

Appearance of Silkie chicken

It is a small breed or very light in weight which is shown in their profile. But the breed is very attractive in look because of their silky hair. Mainly the weight of hen remains under the two pound and cock weight remain under the three pounds in most cases.

The white color silkie is very adorable and fit for the family pet. This breed increases the attraction of the farm.

The comb is a walnut type, which is round in shape or small in size. It is black in color in all the varieties of Silkie

The Beak is black or slightly curved.

Wattles or ear lobes is very small or Black in color.

They have 5 number of toes which is very rare. Some breeds have 5 Toes.silkie has black color toe which is covered with their silky hair.

They have small fluffy tails the colour of tail vary variety to variety.

Shanks are covered with feather. Their skin color is black the eyes of silky is fully black.

Egg Production of Silkie chicken

Silkie is a prolific egg layer which lays up to 110 eggs per year by single hair during their egg laying period. They lay normally medium size eggs which weigh 50 g per egg. Generally, they start laying an egg at the age of 20th to 21st weeks.

The silkie hen is excellent mother and sister they always show broodiness and can be used to hatch eggs of other hens which not go broody.

Meat Production of silkie chicken

Black Meat of Silkie
Black Meat of Silkie

Silkie is a lightweight breed that gives a small amount of meat. the silkie chicken mea is black in color, their bones color is also black. The quality of black meat is that they have very less cholesterol and more protein as compared to other meat.

The meat is very fine or very delicious in the test. The black meat of silkie is very demanding in China, Indonesia, Malaysia or in other Asian countries.

Silkie is primarily used for ornamental purpose and secondary used for meat purpose.

The average standard weight of cock ranges between 1 kg to 1.3 kg (2.5 lbs to 3 lbs).

The average standard weight of Hen ranges between 0.6 kg to 0.9 kg (1.5 lbs to 2 lbs).

Space requirement for silkie

Silkie is small in size but they need large space. Because it is mainly used for exhibition or show they should not keep in deep litter system always kept them in a battery cage or in a ventilated wooden box.

Space they need in the house

            House          Age Battery cage
system
     Brooder House        0-8 weeks 0.7 sq ft per bird
    Grower house       9-16 weeks1 sq ft per bird
     Layer house       Above        
17 weeks
2 sq ft per bird

Care and management for the silkie chicken

  • House should be well ventilated either you are kept in battery cage system or in a deep litter system.
  • House should clean hygiene or disinfected twenty-four hours for better growth. Always should open area or backyard area for their freedom for better health.
  • Follow the proper vaccination schedule for better immunity. a prior vaccine is better than cure. The silkie is susceptible to the Mareks’ disease or New castle disease are very dangerous. Always do vaccine for the cure of these two diseases.
  • Silkie has so many hairs on their body. So be careful of the mites and ticks. Always do external or internal deworming every eight weeks for better growth.
  • Provide them balanced nutritious feed which is packed with protein, carbohydrate, vitamins and minerals. Quality feed will give quality results.

Why choose Silkie?

Is silkie Good for your Farm?

  • It increases the beauty of your farm.
  • They always show broodiness.
  • Different color of meat and bones have extra demand in the People. Peoples always curious to try different.
  • Silkie chicken is an excellent mother always caring for their chicks.
  • Behavior is docile, calm and friendly. it can be easily handled by a child.
  • Survivability in every climate is quite well.

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